Emotional education is a learning process that begins in the first months of life. It lays its foundations in childhood, but it can be developed, trained and strengthened throughout life.
The excited education l is the acquisition of knowledge and skills by which the detected person and understands the emotional, express their emotions properly managed and adapts and relates to others satisfactorily activity.
Emotional maturity has clear repercussions for a lifetime . There are more and more studies that relate a high emotional capacity with security, happiness, competence and the ability to optimally face challenges. In this way, success in life, far from being related only to the IQ, has come to be considered the result of its combination with emotional intelligence.
Emotional education in childhood
Childhood is a fundamental period for emotional education , in which the child’s environment has a decisive influence. It is important to help children cultivate their emotional intelligence to facilitate their full and optimal development. Emotional education is also considered a protective factor against stress and anxiety and it is important to bear in mind that a deficient development of it can generate numerous physical and mental problems in children and adults .
Bases of emotional education
Emotional education is based on emotional intelligence. It is a very complex concept made up of numerous capabilities such as:
- Autonomy and effective development in daily life.
- The self-esteem and self-confidence of the child to feel valid, safe and capable.
- Perseverance and the ability to face challenges and problems .
- The ability to make decisions.
- The self – knowledge and self-acceptance .
- The awareness of one’s own emotions and the recognition of those of others.
- Positive thinking or optimism.
- The impulse control and the ability to reflect.
- Tolerance for frustration.
- At the social level, have tools to coexist and relate satisfactorily, such as assertiveness, empathy or the ability to solve conflicts.
- At the school level, adaptation to the context and obtaining better academic results, thanks to abilities such as attention, concentration, memory or reflection, which are in turn influenced by emotional management.
How to facilitate the development of emotional intelligence in children?
Today, an education is not conceived that does not contemplate the emotional component. For this reason, parents and educators must stimulate their development in children. Little by little and through the experiences they go through, children will acquire these capacities.
Some ways to facilitate this process are:
- Unconditionally accept the child, with his qualities and his limitations . Recognize it as being unique and different from others.
- Help you to know and respect yourself.
- Put on his place.
- Ask and listen to him. Give you confidence. Make him feel that his opinion and emotions are accepted and taken into account.
- Teach him to identify the different emotions he feels, for example: sadness, anger, joy, fear , etc. Accept them both positive and negative, as valid and legitimate. Recognize in which situations they arise and how you can express them and manage them appropriately.
- Encourage their curiosity, interests and creativity.
- Let him learn for himself , experiment and make mistakes. Avoid constantly controlling him, anticipating his actions or overprotecting him.
- Reward your achievements and fuel your motivation. Set small goals for yourself and stimulate your desire to achieve something. Validate the effort and progress shown in the different areas.
- Correct or limit him when necessary.
- Encourage him to take care of his own affairs, make decisions, express his opinion and try to solve problems that arise, helping him and supervising him whenever necessary.
- Show them the learning that exists after a mistake and give them confidence to try again .
- Teach him to manage impulsivity.
- Facilitate the development of an adequate tolerance to frustration .
- Foster more complex emotions that are manifested in relationships with others, such as empathy, cooperation, tolerance and respect.
- Set yourself as an example , acting as a role model for the child. The behaviors that children learn are mostly imitations of what they see in adults, so it is essential that parents and educators also cultivate their own emotional competencies.
- Encourage them to interact with other children.
The emotional education is a long and slow process, but full of benefits. We can facilitate its acquisition in the course of daily life, taking advantage of spontaneous situations or experiences. It can also be stimulated through certain games , the simulation of different situations and the use of stories or tales.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW…
- Today, an education is not conceived that does not contemplate the emotional component. For this reason, parents and educators must stimulate their development in children.
- We can facilitate its acquisition in daily life, taking advantage of spontaneous situations or experiences.
- It can also be stimulated through certain games, the simulation of different situations and the use of stories or tales.