Toothache can be terrible, so knowing how to act in these situations is key. Find out what to take for toothache, how to prevent it, its origin, and other details.
One of the most common, intense and difficult to control pain is toothache. The toothache or toothache generally appears suddenly and greatly limits the ability to act of the person who has it.
Tips for a very bad toothache
If you regularly have a severe toothache and don’t know what to take or what to do to solve it, in this guide you will find the answer to some of your questions: which medicine is better, what to eat, etc.
Why do teeth hurt?
Toothaches are caused by stimulation of the nerve root by thermal, mechanical or chemical agents, which irritate the nerve and the brain perceives it as an intense painful stimulus , either abrupt or insidious, and that goes on the rise.
These pains can be caused by various causes, some of them unrelated to dental pathology. In general they are due to pulpitis, an inflammation of the pulp cavity of the tooth , the inner part of the tooth where the blood vessels and nerve endings are found. The most common causes of toothache are:
- Dental caries
- Dental fracture or fissure
- Exposure of the dental roots
- Dental abscess
- Lesions in the oral mucosa
- Mandibular pathology
- Otic pathology
How is toothache?
Toothache is a constant, dull, intense pain that presents a crisis of increased intensity of pain. There are several factors that can aggravate toothache, such as excessively hot or cold foods, sweets or intense chewing.
Sometimes toothache can be accompanied by other symptoms that can give a clue to its origin, such as gingivorrhagia (bleeding gums), pain at the ear level, abundant and thick mucus or fever.
What to do with the pain before going to the dentist?
Faced with severe toothache, a visit to the dentist should be requested as soon as possible to examine the painful tooth and, once the cause has been determined, perform an appropriate treatment. And it is that, in case of not treating it, the surrounding tissues can be affected, causing serious problems at the level of the mouth, face or neck. But while you do not go to the dentist:
- Pain can be alleviated by using pain relievers such as acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, metamizole, or diclofenac. It is advisable to consult with the doctor before taking them. In case of bleeding gums, avoid aspirin, since it increases the risk of bleeding.
- Antibiotics should never be taken without a doctor’s prescription, since they are probably not necessary and they will not help relieve pain.
- Excessively cold, hot or hard foods should be avoided .
- The sweets and sugar also worsen dental pain, which should be avoided.
- It is good to apply local cold , in the area of the cheek adjacent to the aching tooth, due to its anesthetic role, since it can partially relieve the pain, but putting ice inside the mouth should be avoided, as it can aggravate the pain.
- It is convenient to avoid pressure on the painful area, not leaning the head on the affected side.
What will the dentist do with a toothache?
By going to the dentist , he or she can determine if the cause is traumatic or infectious and, therefore, carry out the appropriate treatment. In the case of pulpitis , a filling may be enough to improve pain. If there is infection but no abscess has formed, antibiotic treatment will be started.
If an abscess has already formed, the dentist will drain the purulent content of it, prescribe antibiotic treatment and repair the tooth. In the event of a significant tooth damage, the dentist will perform a tooth extraction or extraction after the start of antibiotic coverage. Following the dentist’s intervention, pain relievers or NSAIDs will help ease the pain.
How to prevent severe pain?
It is important to remember that prevention is always better than treatment, so proper oral hygiene and a proper diet decrease the risk of oral infections, cavities , gingivitis and toothaches. Brushing your teeth three times a day , flossing and mouthwash, and avoiding foods high in sugar will help prevent the intense discomfort of a toothache.